The biennial Business Expenditure on Research and Development (BERD) Survey 2011/2012 is jointly conducted by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) and Forfás and the most recent data was released by the CSO on 19 February 2013. An analysis of this data was published by Forfás on the 29th August 2013. This survey examines R&D activities performed across the business sector in 2011.
The key findings include:
- Enterprises across all business sectors in Ireland spent €1.86 billion on research and development (R&D) activities in 2011, a 1.3 per cent increase on 2010. Enterprises active in R&D in 2011 estimated an R&D spend of 1.96 billion in 2012, an increase of 5.5 per cent.
- Business R&D intensity (BERD as a percentage of GDP) reached 1.17 per cent in 2011 (1.46 per cent of GNP). Finland had the highest BERD intensity in the EU with 2.67 per cent of GDP.
- Foreign owned enterprises accounted for 71 per cent of the total business R&D spend in 2011.
- The vast majority of expenditure on R&D by businesses (86 per cent) in 2011 was current expenditure (wages of R&D staff etc.) and 14 per cent on capital expenditure (e.g. buildings, equipment, licence payments etc.)
- 61 per cent of BERD was generated in the services sector in 2011.
- Medium and large enterprises (more than 50 employees) accounted for almost three quarters of BERD in 2011.
- 89 per cent of BERD funding was from company funds in 2011, down from 92 per cent in 2009.